Computational acceleration of projection algorithms for the linear best approximation problem

This is an experimental computational account of projection algorithms for the linear best approximation problem. We focus on the sequential and simultaneous versions of Dykstra's algorithm and the Halpern-Lions-Wittmann-Bauschke algorithm for the best approximation problem from a point to the intersection of closed convex sets in the Euclidean space. These algorithms employ different iterative approaches to reach the same goal but no mathematical connection has yet been found between their algorithmic schemes. We compare these algorithms on linear best approximation test problems that we generate so that the solution will be known a priori and enable us to assess the relative computational merits of these algorithms. For the simultaneous versions we present a new component-averaging variant that substantially accelerates their initial behavior for sparse systems.


Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Vol. 416 (2006), pp. 111-123.