Statistical performance of subgradient step-size update rules in Lagrangian relaxations of chance-constrained optimization models

Lagrangian relaxation schemes, coupled with a subgradient procedure, are frequently employed to solve chance-constrained optimization models. The subgradient procedure typically relies on a step-size update rule. Although there is extensive research on the properties of these step-size update rules, there is little consensus on which rules are most suited in practice. This is especially so … Read more

Chance constrained nonlinear optimization with skewed distributions and dependent rows

This paper discusses chance constrained optimization problems where the constraints are linear to the random variables but nonlinear to the decision variables. For the individual nonlinear chance constraint, we derive tractable reformulation under finite Gaussian mixture distributions and design tight approximation under the generalized hyperbolic distribution. For the joint nonlinear chance constraint, we study several … Read more

Convex Chance-Constrained Programs with Wasserstein Ambiguity

Chance constraints yield non-convex feasible regions in general. In particular, when the uncertain parameters are modeled by a Wasserstein ball, [Xie19] and [CKW18] showed that the distributionally robust (pessimistic) chance constraint admits a mixed-integer conic representation. This paper identifies sufficient conditions that lead to convex feasible regions of chance constraints with Wasserstein ambiguity. First, when … Read more

New Valid Inequalities and Formulation for the Static Chance-constrained Lot-Sizing Problem

We study the static chance-constrained lot sizing problem, in which production decisions over a planning horizon are made before knowing random future demands, and the backlog and inventory variables are then determined by the demand realizations. The chance constraint imposes a service level constraint requiring that the probability that any backlogging is required should be … Read more

On Convex Lower-Level Black-Box Constraints in Bilevel Optimization with an Application to Gas Market Models with Chance Constraints

Bilevel optimization is an increasingly important tool to model hierarchical decision making. However, the ability of modeling such settings makes bilevel problems hard to solve in theory and practice. In this paper, we add on the general difficulty of this class of problems by further incorporating convex black-box constraints in the lower level. For this … Read more

Optimization under rare chance constraints

Chance constraints provide a principled framework to mitigate the risk of high-impact extreme events by modifying the controllable properties of a system. The low probability and rare occurrence of such events, however, impose severe sampling and computational requirements on classical solution methods that render them impractical. This work proposes a novel sampling-free method for solving … Read more

Contextual Chance-Constrained Programming

Uncertainty in classical stochastic programming models is often described solely by independent random parameters, ignoring their dependence on multidimensional features. We describe a novel contextual chance-constrained programming formulation that incorporates features, and argue that solutions that do not take them into account may not be implementable. Our formulation cannot be solved exactly in most cases, … Read more

Stochastic Inventory Routing with Time-based Shipment Consolidation

Inspired by the retail industry, we introduce a fundamentally new approach towards stochastic inventory routing by replenishing retailers from a central warehouse using a time-based shipment consolidation policy. Such a time-based dispatching policy, where retailers facing stochastic demand are repetitively replenished at fixed times, is essential in practice. It allows for easy incorporation with dependent … Read more

Strong Formulations for Distributionally Robust Chance-Constrained Programs with Left-Hand Side Uncertainty under Wasserstein Ambiguity

Distributionally robust chance-constrained programs (DR-CCP) over Wasserstein ambiguity sets exhibit attractive out-of-sample performance and admit big-$M$-based mixed-integer programming (MIP) reformulations with conic constraints. However, the resulting formulations often suffer from scalability issues as sample size increases. To address this shortcoming, we derive stronger formulations that scale well with respect to the sample size. Our focus … Read more

Building Load Control using Distributionally Robust Chance-Constrained Programs with Right-Hand Side Uncertainty and the Risk-Adjustable Variants

Aggregation of heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) loads can provide reserves to absorb volatile renewable energy, especially solar photo-voltaic (PV) generation. However, the time-varying PV generation is not perfectly known when the system operator decides the HVAC control schedules. To consider the unknown uncertain PV generation, in this paper, we formulate a distributionally robust … Read more