Greedy expansions in convex optimization

This paper is a follow up to the previous author's paper on convex optimization. In that paper we began the process of adjusting greedy-type algorithms from nonlinear approximation for finding sparse solutions of convex optimization problems. We modified there three the most popular in nonlinear approximation in Banach spaces greedy algorithms -- Weak Chebyshev Greedy Algorithm, Weak Greedy Algorithm with Free Relaxation and Weak Relaxed Greedy Algorithm -- for solving convex optimization problems. We continue to study sparse approximate solutions to convex optimization problems. It is known that in many engineering applications researchers are interested in an approximate solution of an optimization problem as a linear combination of elements from a given system of elements. There is an increasing interest in building such sparse approximate solutions using different greedy-type algorithms. In this paper we concentrate on greedy algorithms that provide expansions, which means that the approximant at the $m$th iteration is equal to the sum of the approximant from the previous iteration ($(m-1)$th iteration) and one element from the dictionary with an appropriate coefficient. The problem of greedy expansions of elements of a Banach space is well studied in nonlinear approximation theory. At a first glance the setting of a problem of expansion of a given element and the setting of the problem of expansion in an optimization problem are very different. However, it turns out that the same technique can be used for solving both problems. We show how the technique developed in nonlinear approximation theory, in particular, the greedy expansions technique can be adjusted for finding a sparse solution of an optimization problem given by an expansion with respect to a given dictionary.


University of South Carolina, June 2012.



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