We consider a special class of resource-constrained single machine scheduling problems. In the classical scheduling context, resource types are classied into renewable and non-renewable; however, a large variety of real-world problems may not fit into one of these classes, e.g., labor regulations in project scheduling, budget allocation to different phases of a construction project, and dose management in a medical imaging center. In this study, we address a class of non-renewable resources supplied, not necessarily immediately, in different periods of the planning horizon. The objective is to assign the jobs to the supply periods and schedule them such that the sum of total tardiness and total earliness is minimized. Several properties and complexity results of the optimal schedules are discussed, then they are used to develop a tractable algorithm. First, we decompose the problem into several single supply problems and then decide the optimal schedule through a polynomial-time optimal algorithm for each single supply problem. The scalability tests indicate the promising performance guarantee of the algorithm compared to provably optimal schedules in the integrated framework.
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