Scalable adaptive cubic regularization methods

Adaptive cubic regularization (ARC) methods for unconstrained optimization compute steps from linear systems involving a shifted Hessian in the spirit of the Levenberg-Marquardt and trust-region methods. The standard approach consists in performing an iterative search for the shift akin to solving the secular equation in trust-region methods. Such search requires computing the Cholesky factorization of a tentative shifted Hessian at each iteration, which limits the size of problems that can be reasonably considered. We propose a scalable implementation of ARC named ARCqK in which we solve a set of shifted systems concurrently by way of an appropriate modification of the Lanczos formulation of the conjugate gradient (CG) method. At each iteration of ARCqK to solve a problem with n variables, a range of m ≪ n shift parameters is selected. The computational overhead in CG beyond the Lanczos process is thirteen scalar operations to update five vectors of length m and two n-vector updates for each value of the shift. The CG variant only requires one Hessian-vector product and one dot product per iteration, independently of the number of shift parameters. Solves corresponding to inadequate shift parameters are interrupted early. All shifted systems are solved inexactly. Such modest cost makes our implementation scalable and appropriate for large-scale problems. We provide a new analysis of the inexact ARC method including its worst case evaluation complexity, global and asymptotic convergence. We describe our implementation and provide preliminary numerical observations that confirm that for problems of size at least 100, our implementation of ARCqK is more efficient than a classic Steihaug-Toint trust region method. Finally, we generalize our convergence results to inexact Hessians and nonlinear least-squares problems.


@TechReport{dussault-orban-2015, author = {J.-P. Dussault and D. Orban}, title = {Scalable adaptive cubic regularization methods}, institution = {GERAD}, year = {2015}, type = {Cahier du GERAD}, number = {G-2015-109}, address = {Montr\'eal, QC, Canada}, gerad = {G-2015-109}, preprint = {} }



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