Evaluating the effect of environmental regulations on a closed-loop supply chain network: a variational inequality approach

Global climate change has encouraged international and regional adoption of pollution taxes and carbon emission reduction policies. Europe has taken the leadership in environmental regulations by introducing the European Union Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS) in 2005 and by developing and promoting a set of policies destined to lower carbon emissions from transport sectors. These environmental … Read more

Decomposition Method for Oligopolistic Competitive Models with Common Pollution Regulation

We consider the general problem of industrial production in a set of countries subject to a common environmental regulation that limits the emissions of specific sectors. Due to these restrictions, the problem is treated as a generalized non-cooperative game where players (countries) have joint (environmental) constraints caused by the necessity of a common and compulsory … Read more

The carbon leakage effect on the cement sector under different climate policies

The European emissions trading scheme (EU-ETS) is a cap and trade system that requires the indus- tries participating in the program to obtain allowances to cover their carbon emissions. Energy Intensive Industries claim that this system puts their European plants at an economics disadvantage compared to fa- cilities located outside the EU. As a direct … Read more