Intra-domain traffic engineering aims to make more efficient use of network resources within an autonomous system. Interior Gateway Protocols such as OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) and IS-IS (Intermediate System-Intermediate System) are commonly used to select the paths along which traffic is routed within an autonomous system. These routing protocols direct traffic based on link weights assigned by the network operator. Each router in the autonomous system computes shortest paths and creates destination tables used to direct each packet to the next router on the path to its final destination. Given a set of traffic demands between origin-destination pairs, the
AT&T Labs Research Technical Report TD-5NTN5G, June 24, 2003.