In the \emph{incremental knapsack problem} ($\IK$), we are given a knapsack whose capacity grows weakly as a function of time. There is a time horizon of $T$ periods and the capacity of the knapsack is $B_t$ in period $t$ for $t = 1, \ldots, T$. We are also given a set $S$ of $N$ items to be placed in the knapsack. Item $i$ has a value of $v_i$ and a weight of $w_i$ that is independent of the time period. At any time period $t$, the sum of the weights of the items in the knapsack cannot exceed the knapsack capacity $B_t$. Moreover, once an item is placed in the knapsack, it cannot be removed from the knapsack at a later time period. We seek to maximize the sum of (discounted) knapsack values over time subject to the capacity constraints. We first give a constant factor approximation algorithm for $\IK$, under mild restrictions on the growth rate of $B_t$ (the constant factor depends on the growth rate). We then give a PTAS for $\IIK$, the special case of $\IK$ with no discounting, when $T = O(\sqrt{\log N})$.

## Citation

Columbia University, Nov 2013.

## Article

View Approximation Algorithms for the Incremental Knapsack Problem via Disjunctive Programming