Power flow refers to the injection of power on the lines of an electrical grid, so that all the injections at the nodes form a consistent flow within the network. Optimality, in this setting, is usually intended as the minimization of the cost of generating power. Current can either be direct or alternating: while the former yields approximate linear programming formulations, the latter yields formulations of a much more interesting sort: namely, nonconvex nonlinear programs in complex numbers. In this technical survey, we derive formulation variants and relaxations of the alternating current optimal power flow problem.
CNRS LIX Ecole Polytechnique Technical Report