BattOpt: Optimal Facility Planning for Electric Vehicle Battery Recycling

The electric vehicle (EV) battery supply chain will face challenges in sourcing scarce, expensive minerals required for manufacturing and in disposing of hazardous retired batteries. Integrating recycling technology into the supply chain has the potential to alleviate these issues; however, players in the battery market must design investment plans for recycling facilities. In this paper, … Read more

Robustness Analysis for Adaptive Optimization With Application to Industrial Decarbonization in the Netherlands

Robustness analysis assesses the performance of a particular solution under variation in the input data. This is distinct from sensitivity analysis, which assesses how variation in the input data changes a model’s optimal solution. For risk assessment purposes, robustness analysis has more practical value than sensitivity analysis. This is because sensitivity analysis, when applied to … Read more

solar: A solar thermal power plant simulator for blackbox optimization benchmarking

This work introduces solar, a collection of  ten optimization problem instances for benchmarking blackbox optimization solvers. The instances present different design aspects of a concentrated solar power plant simulated by blackbox numerical models. The type of variables (discrete or continuous), dimensionality, and number and types of constraints (including hidden constraints)  differ across instances. Some are deterministic, others are stochastic … Read more

Adjustable Robust Nonlinear Network Design under Demand Uncertainties

We study network design problems for nonlinear and nonconvex flow models under demand uncertainties. To this end, we apply the concept of adjustable robust optimization to compute a network design that admits a feasible transport for all, possibly infinitely many, demand scenarios within a given uncertainty set. For solving the corresponding adjustable robust mixed-integer nonlinear … Read more

Frequency regulation with storage: On losses and profits

Low-carbon societies will need to store vast amounts of electricity to balance intermittent generation from wind and solar energy, for example, through frequency regulation. Here, we derive an analytical solution to the decision-making problem of storage operators who sell frequency regulation power to grid operators and trade electricity on day-ahead markets. Mathematically, we treat future … Read more

Accurate and Warm-Startable Linear Cutting-Plane Relaxations for ACOPF

We present a linear cutting-plane relaxation approach that rapidly proves tight lower bounds for the Alternating Current Optimal Power Flow Problem (ACOPF). Our method leverages outer-envelope linear cuts for well-known second-order cone relaxations for ACOPF along with modern cut management techniques. These techniques prove effective on a broad family of ACOPF instances, including the largest … Read more

Hierarchically constrained multi-fidelity blackbox optimization

This work introduces a novel multi-fidelity blackbox optimization algorithm designed to alleviate the resource-intensive task of evaluating infeasible points. This algorithm is an intermediary component bridging a direct search solver and a blackbox, resulting in reduced computation time per evaluation, all while preserving the efficiency and convergence properties of the chosen solver. This is made … Read more

Incentivizing Investment and Reliability: A Study on Electricity Capacity Markets

The capacity market, a marketplace to exchange available generation capacity for electricity production, provides a major revenue stream for generators and is adopted in several U.S. regions. A subject of ongoing debate, the capacity market is viewed by its proponents as a crucial mechanism to ensure system reliability, while critics highlight its drawbacks such as … Read more

On a Tractable Single-Level Reformulation of a Multilevel Model of the European Entry-Exit Gas Market with Market Power

We propose a framework that allows to quantitatively analyze the interplay of the different agents involved in gas trade and transport in the context of the European entry-exit system. While previous contributions focus on the case of perfectly competitive buyers and sellers of gas, our novel framework considers the mathematically more challenging case of a … Read more

Sequential Pricing of Electricity

This paper investigates the design and analysis of price formation in wholesale electricity markets given variability, uncertainty, non-convexity, and intertemporal operating constraints. The paper’s primary goal is to develop a framework to assess the many resource participation models, reserve product definitions, and enhanced pricing methods that have arisen in U.S. systems, especially in the context … Read more