The graph partition problem (GPP) aims at clustering the vertex set of a graph into a fixed number of disjoint subsets of given sizes such that the sum of weights of edges joining different sets is minimized. This paper investigates the quality of doubly nonnegative (DNN) relaxations, i.e., relaxations having matrix variables that are both positive semidefinite and nonnegative, strengthened by polyhedral cuts for two variations of the GPP: the k-equipartition and the graph bisection problem. After reducing the size of the relaxations by facial reduction, we solve them by a cutting-plane algorithm that combines an augmented Lagrangian method with Dykstra’s projection algorithm. Since many components of our algorithm are general, the algorithm is suitable for solving various DNN relaxations with a large number of cutting planes. We are the first to show the power of DNN relaxations with additional cutting planes for the GPP on large benchmark instances up to 1,024 vertices. Computational results show impressive improvements in strengthened DNN bounds.