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Positive spanning sets span a given vector space by nonnegative linear combinations of their elements. These have attracted significant attention in recent years, owing to their extensive use in derivative-free optimization. In this setting, the quality of a positive spanning set is assessed through its cosine measure, a geometric quantity that expresses how well such a set covers the space of interest. In this paper, we investigate the construction of positive $k$-spanning sets with geometrical guarantees. Our results build on a recently identified type of positive spanning sets called orthogonally structured positive bases. We first describe how to identify such sets and compute their cosine measure efficiently. We then focus our study on positive $k$-spanning sets, for which we provide a complete description, as well as a new notion of cosine measure that accounts for the resilient nature of such sets. By combining our results, we are able to use orthogonally structured positive bases to create positive k-spanning sets with guarantees on the value of their cosine measures.

## Citation

W. Hare, G. Jarry-Bolduc, S. Kerleau and C. W. Royer, Using orthogonally structured positive bases for constructing positive k-spanning sets with cosine measure guarantees. arXiv:2306.06383v3