Multiphase Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Optimal Control of Hybrid Electric Vehicles

This paper considers the problem of computing the non-causal minimum-fuel energy management strategy of a hybrid electric vehicle on a given driving cycle. Specifically, we address the multiphase mixed-integer nonlinear optimal control problem arising when optimal gear choice, torque split and engine on/off controls are sought in off-line evaluations. We propose an efficient model by … Read more