We consider the problem of computing the minimum value $p_{\min}$ taken by a polynomial $p(x)$ of degree $d$ over the standard simplex $\Delta$. This is an NP-hard problem already for degree $d=2$. For any integer $k\ge 1$, by minimizing $p(x)$ over the set of rational points in $\Delta$ with denominator $k$, one obtains a hierarchy of upper bounds $p_{\Delta(k)}$ converging to $p_{\min}$ as $k\longrightarrow \infty$. These upper approximations are intimately linked to a hierarchy of lower bounds for $p_{\min}$ constructed via P\'olya's theorem about representations of positive forms on the simplex. Revisiting the proof of P\'olya's theorem allows us to give estimates on the quality of these upper and lower approximations for $p_{\min}$. Moreover, we show that the bounds $p_{\Delta(k)}$ yield a polynomial time approximation scheme for the minimization of polynomials of fixed degree $d$ on the simplex, extending an earlier result of Bomze and De Klerk for degree $d=2$.

## Citation

Unpublished, preprint, March 2004, revised in October 2004. To appear in Theretical Computer Science

## Article

View A PTAS for the minimization of polynomials of fixed degree over the simplex