Given the success of Douglas-Rachford splitting (DRS), it is natural to ask whether DRS can be generalized. Are there are other 2 operator splittings? Can DRS be generalized to 3 operators? This work presents the answers: no and no. In a certain sense, DRS is the unique 2 operator resolvent-splitting, and generalizing DRS to 3 operators is impossible without lifting, where lifting roughly corresponds to enlarging the problem size. The impossibility result further raises a question. How much lifting is necessary to generalize DRS to 3 operators? This work presents the answer by providing a novel 3 operator resolvent-splitting with provably minimal lifting that directly generalizes DRS.
View Uniqueness of DRS as the 2 Operator Resolvent-Splitting and Impossibility of 3 Operator Resolvent-Splitting