Semidefinite programming relaxations complement polyhedral relaxations for quadratic optimization, but global optimization solvers built on polyhedral relaxations cannot fully exploit this advantage. This paper develops linear outer-approximations of semidefinite constraints that can be effectively integrated into global solvers. The difference from previous work is that our proposed cuts are (i) sparser with respect to the number of nonzeros in the row and (ii) explicitly selected to improve the objective. We select which cuts to generate using objective structure and explore engineering trade-offs for sparsity patterns, e.g. cut dimensionality and chordal extensions. A neural network estimator is key to our cut selection strategy: ranking each cut based on objective improvement involves solving a semidefinite optimization problem, but this is an expensive proposition at each Branch&Cut node. The neural network estimator, trained a priori of any instance to solve, takes the computation offline by predicting the objective improvement for any cut. Most of this paper discusses quadratic programming with box constraints as a test bed for the relevant engineering trade-offs. We also show how the engineering decisions may immediately extend to quadratically constrained instances, particularly ones with rich quadratic objective structure.
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