Rational Polyhedral Outer-Approximations of the Second-Order Cone

It is well-known that the second-order cone can be outer-approximated to an arbitrary accuracy by a polyhedral cone of compact size defined by irrational data. In this paper, we propose two rational polyhedral outer-approximations of compact size retaining the same guaranteed accuracy. The first outer-approximation has the same size as the optimal but irrational outer-approximation from the literature. In this case, we provide a practical approach to obtain such an approximation defined by the smallest integer coefficients possible, which requires solving a few, small-size integer quadratic programs. The second outer-approximation has a size larger than the optimal irrational outer-approximation by a linear additive factor in the dimension of the second-order cone. However, in this case, the construction is explicit, and it is possible to derive an upper bound on the largest coefficient, which is sublinear in accuracy and logarithmic in the dimension.



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