In many applications, when building linear regression models, it is important to account for the presence of outliers, i.e., corrupted input data points. Such problems can be formulated as mixed-integer optimization problems involving cubic terms, each given by the product of a binary variable and a quadratic term of the continuous variables. Existing approaches in the literature, typically relying on the linearization of the cubic terms using big-M constraints, suffer from weak relaxation and poor performance in practice. In this work we derive stronger second-order conic relaxations that do not involve big-M constraints. Our computational experiments indicate that the proposed formulations are several orders-of-magnitude faster than existing big-M formulations in the literature for this problem.
Technical report, USC, June 2023