In this work, we compute the lower bound of the integrality gap of the Metric Steiner Tree Problem (MSTP) on a graph for some small values of number of nodes and terminals. After debating about some limitations of the most used formulation for the Steiner Tree Problem, namely the Bidirected Cut Formulation, we introduce a novel formulation, that we named Complete Metric formulation, tailored for the metric case. We prove some interesting properties of this formulation and characterize some types of vertices. Finally, we define a linear program (LP) by adapting a method already used in the context of the Travelling Salesman Problem. This LP takes as input a vertex of the polytope of the CM relaxation and provides an MSTP instance such that (a) the optimal solution is precisely that vertex and (b) among all of the instances having that vertex as its optimal solution, the selected instance is the one having the highest integrality gap. We propose two heuristics for generating vertices to provide inputs for our procedure. In conclusion, we raise several conjectures and open questions.

## Article

View On the integrality gap of the Complete Metric Steiner Tree Problem via a novel formulation