On the integrality gap of the Complete Metric Steiner Tree Problem via a novel formulation

In this work, we compute the lower bound of the integrality gap of the Metric Steiner Tree Problem (MSTP) on a graph for some small values of number of nodes and terminals. After debating about some limitations of the most used formulation for the Steiner Tree Problem, namely the Bidirected Cut Formulation, we introduce a … Read more

Exploiting Symmetries in Optimal Quantum Circuit Design

A physical limitation in quantum circuit design is the fact that gates in a quantum system can only act on qubits that are physically adjacent in the architecture. To overcome this problem, SWAP gates need to be inserted to make the circuit physically realizable. The nearest neighbour compliance problem (NNCP) asks for an optimal embedding … Read more

A polytime preprocess algorithm for the maximum independent set problem

The maximum independent set (MIS) seeks to find a subset of vertices with the maximum size such that no pair of its vertices are adjacent. This paper develops a recursive fixing procedure that generalizes the existing polytime algorithm to solve the maximum independent set problem on chordal graphs, which admit simplicial orderings. We prove that … Read more

Mind the \(\tilde{O}\): asymptotically better, but still impractical, quantum distributed algorithms

\(\) The CONGEST and CONGEST-CLIQUE models have been carefully studied to represent situations where the communication bandwidth between processors in a network is severely limited. Messages of only \( O(log(n)) \) bits of information each may be sent between processors in each round. The quantum versions of these models allow the processors instead to communicate … Read more

Recognizing Series-Parallel Matrices in Linear Time

\(\) A series-parallel matrix is a binary matrix that can be obtained from an empty matrix by successively adjoining rows or columns that are copies of an existing row/column or have at most one 1-entry. Equivalently, series-parallel matrices are representation matrices of graphic matroids of series-parallel graphs, which can be recognized in linear time. We … Read more

Scalable heuristic algorithm for identifying critical nodes in networks

This paper presents two heuristic algorithms for the distance-based critical node problem (DCNP) that finds k nodes whose removal minimizes the pairwise connection within D hops in the remaining network. The structural properties of the complex networks have not yet been extensively addressed in the literature. Specifically, the community structure of complex networks needs to … Read more

Finding Groups with Maximum Betweenness Centrality via Integer Programming with Random Path Sampling

One popular approach to access the importance/influence of a group of nodes in a network is based on the notion of centrality. For a given group, its group betweenness centrality is computed, first, by evaluating a ratio of shortest paths between each node pair in a network that are “covered” by at least one node … Read more

Large independent sets in Markov random graphs

\(\) Computing the maximum size of an independent set in a graph is a famously hard combinatorial problem that has been well-studied for various classes of graphs. When it comes to random graphs, only the classical binomial random graph \(G_{n,p}\) has been analysed and shown to have largest independent sets of size \(\Theta(\log{n})\) w.h.p. This … Read more

Source Detection on Graphs

Spreading processes on networks (graphs) have become ubiquitous in modern society with prominent examples such as infections, rumors, excitations, contaminations, or disturbances. Finding the source of such processes based on observations is important and difficult. We abstract the problem mathematically as an optimization problem on graphs. For the deterministic setting we make connections to the … Read more

Minimum-Link Covering Trails for any Hypercubic Lattice

\(\) In 1994, Kranakis et al. published a conjecture about the minimum link-length of every rectilinear covering path for the \(k\)-dimensional grid \(P(n,k) := \{0,1, \dots, n-1\} \times \{0,1, \dots, n-1\} \times \cdots \times \{0,1, \dots, n-1\}\). In this paper we consider the general, NP-complete, Line-Cover problem, where the edges are not required to be … Read more