A covering decomposition algorithm for power grid cyber-network segmentation

We present a trilevel interdiction model for optimally segmenting the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) network controlling an electric power grid. In this formulation, we decide how to partition nodes of the SCADA network in order to minimize the shedding of load from a worst-case cyberattack, assuming that the grid operator has the opportunity … Read more

A Trilevel Model for Segmentation of the Power Transmission Grid Cyber Network

Network segmentation of a power grid’s communication system is one way to make the grid more resilient to cyber attacks. We develop a novel trilevel programming model to optimally segment a grid communication system, taking into account the actions of an information technolology (IT) administrator, attacker, and grid operator. The IT administrator is given an … Read more

A Scalable Lower Bound for the Worst-Case Relay Attack Problem on the Transmission Grid

We consider a bilevel attacker-defender problem to find the worst-case attack on the relays that control transmission grid components. The attacker infiltrates some number of relays and renders all of the components connected to them inoperable, with the goal of maximizing load shed. The defender responds by minimizing the resulting load shed, re-dispatching using a … Read more

A K-Nearest Neighbor Heuristic for Real-Time DC Optimal Transmission Switching

While transmission switching is known to reduce power generation costs, the difficulty of solving even DC optimal transmission switching (DCOTS) has prevented optimal transmission switching from becoming commonplace in real-time power systems operation. In this paper, we present a k-nearest neighbors (KNN) heuristic for DCOTS which relies on the insight that, for routine operations on … Read more