A variable neighborhood search for the green vehicle routing problem with two-dimensional loading constraints and split delivery

\(\) We address the Green Vehicle Routing Problem with Two-Dimensional Loading Constraints and Split Delivery (G2L-SDVRP), which extends the split delivery vehicle routing problem to include customer demands represented by two-dimensional, rectangular items. We aim to minimize carbon dioxide (CO\(_2\)) emissions instead of travel distance, a critical issue in contemporary logistics activities. The CO\(_2\) emission … Read more