## STRONG LOWER BOUNDS FOR THE PRIZE COLLECTING STEINER PROBLEM IN GRAPHS

Given an undirected graph G with nonnegative edges costs and nonnegative vertex penalties, the prize collecting Steiner problem in graphs (PCSPG) seeks a tree of G with minimum weight. The weight of a tree is the sum of its edge costs plus the sum of the penalties of those vertices not spanned by the tree. … Read more