A sum of squares approximation of nonnegative polynomials

We show that every real nonnegative polynomial $f$ can be approximated as closely as desired (in the $l_1$-norm of its coefficient vector) by a sequence of polynomials $\{f_\epsilon\}$ that are sums of squares. The novelty is that each $f_\epsilon$ has a simple and explicit form in terms of $f$ and $\epsilon$.


SIAM J. Optimization 16 (2006), 751--765.