We describe the theoretical solution of an approximation problem that uses a finite weighted sum of complex exponential functions. The problem arises in an optimization model for the design of a telescopes array occurring within optical interferometry for direct imaging in astronomy. The problem is to find the optimal weights and the optimal positions of a regularized spaced array of aligned telescopes, so that the resulting interference function approximates the zero function on a given interval. The solution is given by means of Chebyshev polynomials.
XLIM research report - Universite de Limoges (FRANCE)