Subset Selection by Mallows’ Cp: A Mixed Integer Programming Approach

This paper concerns a method of selecting the best subset of explanatory variables for a linear regression model. Employing Mallows' C_p as a goodness-of-fit measure, we formulate the subset selection problem as a mixed integer quadratic programming problem. Computational results demonstrate that our method provides the best subset of variables in a few seconds when the number of candidate explanatory variables is less than 30. Furthermore, when handling datasets consisting of a large number of samples, it finds better-quality solutions faster than stepwise regression methods do.


Published in Expert Systems with Applications, 42 (2015), 325-331.