Consider the problem of minimizing the sum of a smooth convex function and a separable nonsmooth convex function subject to linear coupling constraints. Problems of this form arise in many contemporary applications including signal processing, wireless networking and smart grid provisioning. Motivated by the huge size of these applications, we propose a new class of first order primal-dual algorithms called the block successive upper-bound minimization method of multipliers (BSUM-M) to solve this family of problems. The BSUM-M updates the primal variable blocks successively by minimizing locally tight upper-bounds of the augmented Lagrangian of the original problem, followed by a gradient type update for the dual variable in closed form. We show that under certain regularity conditions, and when the primal block variables are updated in either a deterministic or a random fashion, the BSUM-M converges to the set of optimal solutions. Moreover, in the absence of linear constraints, we show that the BSUM-M, which reduces to the block successive upper-bound minimization method, is capable of linear convergence without strong convexity.