Best subset selection for eliminating multicollinearity

This paper proposes a method for eliminating multicollinearity from linear regression models. Specifically, we select the best subset of explanatory variables subject to the upper bound on the condition number of the correlation matrix of selected variables. We first develop a cutting plane algorithm that, to approximate the condition number constraint, iteratively appends valid inequalities to the mixed integer quadratic optimization problem. We also devise mixed integer semidefinite optimization formulations for best subset selection under the condition number constraint. Computational results demonstrate that our cutting plane algorithm frequently provides solutions of better quality than those obtained using local search algorithms for subset selection. Additionally, subset selection by means of our optimization formulations succeeds when the number of candidate explanatory variables is small.



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