The equilateral small octagon of maximal width

A small polygon is a polygon of unit diameter. The maximal width of an equilateral small polygon with $n=2^s$ vertices is not known when $s \ge 3$. This paper solves the first open case and finds the optimal equilateral small octagon. Its width is approximately $3.24\%$ larger than the width of the regular octagon: $\cos(\pi/8)$. In addition, the paper proposes a family of equilateral small $n$-gons, for $n=2^s$ with $s\ge 4$, whose widths are within $O(1/n^4)$ of the maximal width.

Citation

Christian Bingane and Charles Audet. The equilateral small octagon of maximal width. Mathematics of Computation, 2022.