QUBO Dual Bounds via SDP Plane Projection Method

In this paper, we present a new method to solve a certain type of Semidefinite Programming (SDP) problems. These types of SDPs naturally arise in the Quadratic Convex Reformulation (QCR) method and can be used to obtain dual bounds of Quadratic Unconstrained Binary Optimization (QUBO) problems. QUBO problems have recently become the focus of attention in the quantum computing and optimization communities as they are well suited to both gate-based and annealing-based quantum computers on one side, and can encompass an exceptional variety of combinatorial optimization problems on the other. Our new method can be easily warm-started, making it very effective when embedded into a branch-and-bound scheme and used to solve the QUBO problem to global optimality. We test our method in this setting and present computational results showing the effectiveness of our approach.



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