Automatic generation of FPTASes for stochastic monotone dynamic programs made easier

In this paper we go one step further in the automatic generation of FPTASes for multi-stage stochastic dynamic programs with scalar state and action spaces, in where the cost-to-go functions have a monotone structure in the state variable. While there exist a few frameworks for automatic generation of FPTASes, so far none of them is … Read more

A faster FPTAS for counting two-rowed contingency tables

In this paper we provide a deterministic fully polynomial time approximation scheme (FPTAS) for counting two-rowed contingency tables that is faster than any either deterministic or randomized approximation scheme for this problem known to date. Our FPTAS is derived via a somewhat sophisticated usage of the method of K-approximation sets and functions introduced by Halman … Read more

Toward breaking the curse of dimensionality: an FPTAS for stochastic dynamic programs with multidimensional action and scalar state

We propose a Fully Polynomial-Time Approximation Scheme (FPTAS) for stochastic dynamic programs with multidimensional action, scalar state, convex costs and linear state transition function. The action spaces are polyhedral and described by parametric linear programs. This type of problems finds applications in the area of optimal planning under uncertainty, and can be thought of as … Read more

Fully Polynomial Time (Sigma,Pi)-Approximation Schemes for Continuous Nonlinear Newsvendor and Continuous Stochastic Dynamic Programs

We study the continuous newsvendor problem (i.e. a newsvendor problem concerning goods of a non-discrete nature, such as fresh fruit juice) and a class of stochastic dynamic programs with several application areas, such as inventory control of a continuous good, economics, and supply chain management. The class is characterized by continuous state and action spaces, … Read more

A Deterministic Fully Polynomial Time Approximation Scheme For Counting Integer Knapsack Solutions Made Easy

Given $n$ elements with nonnegative integer weights $w=(w_1,\ldots,w_n)$, an integer capacity $C$ and positive integer ranges $u=(u_1,\ldots,u_n)$, we consider the counting version of the classic integer knapsack problem: find the number of distinct multisets whose weights add up to at most $C$. We give a deterministic algorithm that estimates the number of solutions to within … Read more

Fully Polynomial Time hBcApproximation Schemes for Continuous Stochastic Convex Dynamic Programs

We develop fully polynomial time $(\Sigma,\Pi)$-approximation schemes for stochastic dynamic programs with continuous state and action spaces, when the single-period cost functions are convex Lipschitz-continuous functions that are accessed via value oracle calls. That is, for every given additive error parameter $\Sigma>0$ and multiplicative error factor $\Pi=1+\epsilon>1$, the scheme returns a feasible solution whose value … Read more

Provably Near-Optimal Approximation Schemes for Implicit Stochastic and for Sample-Based Dynamic Programs

In this paper we address two models of non-deterministic discrete-time finite-horizon dynamic programs (DPs): implicit stochastic DPs – the information about the random events is given by value oracles to their CDFs; and sample-based DPs – the information about the random events is deduced via samples. In both models the single period cost functions are … Read more

Approximating Convex Functions By Non-Convex Oracles Under The Relative Noise Model

We study succinct approximation of functions that have noisy oracle access. Namely, construction of a succinct representation of a function, given oracle access to an L-approximation of the function, rather than to the function itself. Specifically, we consider the question of the succinct representation of an approximation of a convex function v that cannot be … Read more

Fully Polynomial Time Approximation Schemes for Stochastic Dynamic Programs

We present a framework for obtaining Fully Polynomial Time Approximation Schemes (FPTASs) for stochastic univariate dynamic programs with either convex or monotone single-period cost functions. This framework is developed through the establishment of two sets of computational rules, namely the Calculus of K-approximation Functions and the Calculus of K-approximation Sets. Using our framework, we provide … Read more