Adjusted Distributionally Robust Bounds on Expected Loss Functions

Optimization problems in operations and finance often include a cost that is proportional to the expected amount by which a random variable exceeds some fixed quantity, known as the expected loss function. Representation of this function often leads to computational challenges, depending on the distribution of the random variable of interest. Moreover, in practice, a … Read more

Adjustable Robust Optimization Reformulations of Two-Stage Worst-case Regret Minimization Problems

This paper explores the idea that two-stage worst-case regret minimization problems with either objective or right-hand side uncertainty can be reformulated as two-stage robust optimization problems and can therefore benefit from the solution schemes and theoretical knowledge that have been developed in the last decade for this class of problems. In particular, we identify conditions … Read more

Multi-Product Newsvendor Problem with Customer-driven Demand Substitution: A Stochastic Integer Program Perspective

This paper studies a multi-product newsvendor problem with customer-driven demand substitution, where each product, once run out of stock, can be proportionally substituted by the others. This problem has been widely studied in the literature, however, due to nonconvexity and intractability, only limited analytical properties have been reported and no efficient approaches have been proposed. … Read more

Fully Polynomial Time (Sigma,Pi)-Approximation Schemes for Continuous Nonlinear Newsvendor and Continuous Stochastic Dynamic Programs

We study the continuous newsvendor problem (i.e. a newsvendor problem concerning goods of a non-discrete nature, such as fresh fruit juice) and a class of stochastic dynamic programs with several application areas, such as inventory control of a continuous good, economics, and supply chain management. The class is characterized by continuous state and action spaces, … Read more

A Data Driven Functionally Robust Approach for Coordinating Pricing and Order Quantity Decisions with Unknown Demand Function

We consider a retailer’s problem of optimal pricing and inventory stocking decisions for a product. We assume that the price-demand curve is unknown, but data is available that loosely specifies the price-demand relationship. We propose a conceptually new framework that simultaneously considers pricing and inventory decisions without a priori fitting a function to the price-demand … Read more

Robust Optimization of Sums of Piecewise Linear Functions with Application to Inventory Problems

Robust optimization is a methodology that has gained a lot of attention in the recent years. This is mainly due to the simplicity of the modeling process and ease of resolution even for large scale models. Unfortunately, the second property is usually lost when the cost function that needs to be robustified is not concave … Read more

The Value of Information in the Newsvendor Problem

In this work, we investigate the value of information when the decision-maker knows whether a perishable product will be in high, moderate or low demand before placing his order. We derive optimality conditions for the probability of the baseline scenario under symmetric distributions and analyze the impact of the cost parameters on simulation experiments. Our … Read more

Coherent Risk Measures in Inventory Problems

We analyze an extension of the classical multi-period, single-item, linear cost inventory problem where the objective function is a coherent risk measure. Properties of coherent risk measures allow us to offer a unifying treatment of risk averse and min-max type formulations. For the single period newsvendor problem, we show that the structure of the optimal … Read more