## A Combinatorial Algorithm for the Multi-commodity Flow Problem

This paper researches combinatorial algorithms for the multi-commodity flow problem. We relax the capacity constraints and introduce a \emph{penalty function} \(h\) for each arc. If the flow exceeds the capacity on arc \(a\), arc \(a\) would have a penalty cost. Based on the \emph{penalty function} \(h\), a new conception , \emph{equilibrium pseudo-flow}, is introduced. Then … Read more