Fast Robust Methods for Singular State-Space Models

State-space models are used in a wide range of time series analysis applications. Kalman filtering and smoothing are work-horse algorithms in these settings. While classic algorithms assume Gaussian errors to simplify estimation, recent advances use a broad range of optimization formulations to allow outlier-robust estimation, as well as constraints to capture prior information. Here we … Read more

Variational Properties of Value Functions

Regularization plays a key role in a variety of optimization formulations of inverse problems. A recurring question in regularization approaches is the selection of regularization parameters, and its effect on the solution and on the optimal value of the optimization problem. The sensitivity of the value function to the regularization parameter can be linked directly … Read more

Sparse/Robust Estimation and Kalman Smoothing with Nonsmooth Log-Concave Densities: Modeling, Computation, and Theory

Piecewise linear quadratic (PLQ) penalties play a crucial role in many applications, including machine learning, robust statistical inference, sparsity promotion, and inverse problems such as Kalman smoothing. Well known examples of PLQ penalties include the l2, Huber, l1 and Vapnik losses. This paper builds on a dual representation for PLQ penalties known from convex analysis. … Read more