## An Efficient Retraction Mapping for the Symplectic Stiefel Manifold

This article introduces a new retraction on the symplectic Stiefel manifold. The operation that requires the highest computational cost to compute the novel retraction is a matrix inversion of size $2p$–by–$2p$, which is much less expensive than those required for the available retractions in the literature. Later, with the new retraction, we design a constraint … Read more

## Riemannian Optimization on the Symplectic Stiefel Manifold

The symplectic Stiefel manifold, denoted by $\mathrm{Sp}(2p,2n)$, is the set of linear symplectic maps between the standard symplectic spaces $\mathbb{R}^{2p}$ and $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$. When $p=n$, it reduces to the well-known set of $2n\times 2n$ symplectic matrices. Optimization problems on $\mathrm{Sp}(2p,2n)$ find applications in various areas, such as optics, quantum physics, numerical linear algebra and model order … Read more