A point x is an approximate solution of a generalized equation [b lies in F(x)] if the distance from the point b to the set F(x) is small. Metric regularity of the set-valued mapping F means that, locally, a constant multiple of this distance bounds the distance from x to an exact solution. The smallest such constant is the modulus of regularity, and is a measure of the sensitivity or conditioning of the generalized equation. We survey recent approaches to a fundamental characterization of the modulus as the reciprocal of the distance from F to the nearest irregular mapping. We furthermore discuss the sensitivity of the regularity modulus itself, and prove a version of the fundamental characterization for mappings on Riemannian manifolds.
Technical Report, ORIE, Cornell University