This paper considers regularized block multi-convex optimization, where the feasible set and objective function are generally non-convex but convex in each block of variables. We review some of its interesting examples and propose a generalized block coordinate descent method. (Using proximal updates, we further allow non-convexity over some blocks.) Under certain conditions, we show that any limit point satisfies the Nash equilibrium conditions. Furthermore, we establish its global convergence and estimate its asymptotic convergence rate by assuming a property based on the Kurdyka-Lojasiewicz inequality. The proposed algorithms are adapted for factorizing nonnegative matrices and tensors, as well as completing them from their incomplete observations. The algorithms were tested on synthetic data, hyperspectral data, as well as image sets from the CBCL and ORL databases. Compared to the existing state-of-the-art algorithms, the proposed algorithms demonstrate superior performance in both speed and solution quality. The Matlab code is available for download from the authors' homepages.
Rice CAAM Report TR12-15