In this report, we study an efficient tridiagonal preconditioner, based on numerical differentiation, applied to the matrix-free truncated Newton method for unconstrained optimization. It is proved that this preconditioner is positive definite for many practical problems. The efficiency of the resulting matrix-free truncated Newton method is demonstrated by results of extensive numerical experiments.
Technical Report No. V-1177, Institute of Computer Science, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague 2013.