We propose a trust region algorithm for solving nonconvex smooth optimization problems. For any $\bar\epsilon \in (0,\infty)$, the algorithm requires at most $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3/2})$ iterations, function evaluations, and derivative evaluations to drive the norm of the gradient of the objective function below any $\epsilon \in (0,\bar\epsilon]$. This improves upon the $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-2})$ bound known to hold for some other trust region algorithms and matches the $\mathcal{O}(\epsilon^{-3/2})$ bound for the recently proposed Adaptive Regularisation framework using Cubics, also known as the arc algorithm. Our algorithm, entitled trace, follows a trust region framework, but employs modified step acceptance criteria and a novel trust region update mechanism that allow the algorithm to achieve such a worst-case global complexity bound. Importantly, we prove that our algorithm also attains global and fast local convergence guarantees under similar assumptions as for other trust region algorithms. We also prove a worst-case upper bound on the number of iterations, function evaluations, and derivative evaluations that the algorithm requires to obtain an approximate second-order stationary point.

## Citation

F. E. Curtis, D. P. Robinson, and M. Samadi. A Trust Region Algorithm with a Worst-Case Iteration Complexity of O(ε−3/2) for Nonconvex Optimization. Mathematical Programming, 162(1):1–32, 2017.