Semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxations have been intensively used for solving discrete quadratic optimization problems, in particular in the binary case. For the general non-convex integer case with box constraints, the branch-and-bound algorithm Q-MIST has been proposed , which is based on an extension of the well-known SDP-relaxation for max-cut. For solving the resulting SDPs, Q-MIST uses an off-the-shelf interior point algorithm. In this paper, we present a tailored coordinate ascent algorithm for solving the dual problems of these SDPs. Building on related ideas of Dong , it exploits the particular structure of the SDPs, most importantly a small rank of the constraint matrices. The latter allows both an exact line search and a fast incremental update of the inverse matrices involved, so that the entire algorithm can be implemented to run in quadratic time per iteration. Moreover, we describe how to extend this approach to a certain two-dimensional coordinate update. Finally, we explain how to include arbitrary linear constraints into this framework, and evaluate our algorithm experimentally.