The ellipsoid algorithm is a fundamental algorithm for computing a solution to the system of m linear inequalities in n variables (P) when its set of solutions has positive volume. However, when (P) is infeasible, the ellipsoid algorithm has no mechanism for proving that (P) is infeasible. This is in contrast to the other two fundamental algorithms for tackling (P), namely the simplex method and interior-point methods, each of which can be easily implemented in a way that either produces a solution of (P) or proves that (P) is infeasible by producing a solution to an alternative system (Alt). This paper develops an Oblivious Ellipsoid Algorithm (OEA) that either produces a solution of (P) or produces a solution of (Alt). Depending on the dimensions and on other natural condition measures, the computational complexity of the basic OEA may be worse than, the same as, or better than that of the standard ellipsoid algorithm. We also present two modified versions of OEA, whose computational complexity is superior to that of OEA when n ≪ m. This is achieved in the first modified version by proving infeasibility without actually producing a solution of (Alt), and in the second modified version by using more memory.

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View An Oblivious Ellipsoid Algorithm for Solving a System of (In)Feasible Linear Inequalities