The transmission system operators (TSOs) are responsible to provide secure and efficient access to the transmission system for all stakeholders. This task is gradually getting challenging due to the demand growth, demand uncertainty, rapid changes in generation mix, and market policies. Traditionally, the TSOs try to maximize the technical performance of the transmission network via building new overhead lines or physical hardening. However, obtaining public acceptance for building new lines is not an easy step in this procedure. For this reason, the TSOs try to capture the capabilities of existing assets. This paper investigates the use of modular FACTS devices (to alter the line characteristics) for improving the capability of transmission network in serving the uncertain demand without the need for building new overhead lines. The proposed method considers the uncertainty of demands and controls the utilization of existing transmission assets. The mathematical results obtained are validated with a complete non-linear simulation model of three transmission networks.
2021, International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems