A Single-Loop Algorithm for Decentralized Bilevel Optimization

Bilevel optimization has gained significant attention in recent years due to its broad applications in machine learning. This paper focuses on bilevel optimization in decentralized networks and proposes a novel single-loop algorithm for solving decentralized bilevel optimization with a strongly convex lower-level problem. Our approach is a fully single-loop method that approximates the hypergradient using only two matrix-vector multiplications per iteration. Importantly, our algorithm does not require any gradient heterogeneity assumption, distinguishing it from existing methods for decentralized bilevel optimization and federated bilevel optimization. Our analysis demonstrates that the proposed algorithm achieves the best-known convergence rate for bilevel optimization algorithms. We also present experimental results on hyperparameter optimization problems using both synthetic and MNIST datasets, which demonstrate the efficiency of our proposed algorithm.



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