Bounding the separable rank via polynomial optimization

We investigate questions related to the set $\mathcal{SEP}_d$ consisting of the linear maps $\rho$ acting on $\mathbb{C}^d\otimes \mathbb{C}^d$ that can be written as a convex combination of rank one matrices of the form $xx^*\otimes yy^*$. Such maps are known in quantum information theory as the separable bipartite states, while nonseparable states are called entangled. In … Read more

Lower bounds on matrix factorization ranks via noncommutative polynomial optimization

We use techniques from (tracial noncommutative) polynomial optimization to formulate hierarchies of semidefinite programming lower bounds on matrix factorization ranks. In particular, we consider the nonnegative rank, the positive semidefinite rank, and their symmetric analogues: the completely positive rank and the completely positive semidefinite rank. We study the convergence properties of our hierarchies, compare them … Read more