Faster, cheaper, and more power efficient optimization solvers than those currently offered by general-purpose solutions are required for extending the use of model predictive control (MPC) to resource-constrained embedded platforms. We propose several custom computational architectures for different first-order optimization methods that can handle linear-quadratic MPC problems with input, input-rate, and soft state constraints. We provide analysis ensuring the reliable operation of the resulting controller under reduced precision fixed-point arithmetic. Implementation of the proposed architectures in FPGAs shows that satisfactory control performance at a sample rate beyond 1 MHz is achievable even on low-end devices, opening up new possibilities for the application of MPC on embedded systems.
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