Experimental operation of a solar-driven climate system with thermal energy storages using mixed-integer nonlinear MPC

This work presents the results of experimental operation of a solar-driven climate system using mixed-integer nonlinear Model Predictive Control (MPC). The system is installed in a university building and consists of two solar thermal collector fields, an adsorption cooling machine with different operation modes, a stratified hot water storage with multiple inlets and outlets as … Read more

Design, Implementation and Simulation of an MPC algorithm for Switched Nonlinear Systems under Combinatorial Constraints

Within this work, we present a warm-started algorithm for Model Predictive Control (MPC) of switched nonlinear systems under combinatorial constraints based on Combinatorial Integral Approximation (CIA). To facilitate high-speed solutions, we introduce a preprocessing step for complexity reduction of CIA problems, and include this approach within a new toolbox for solution of CIA problems with … Read more

Efficient Convex Optimization for Linear MPC

Model predictive control (MPC) formulations with linear dynamics and quadratic objectives can be solved efficiently by using a primal-dual interior-point framework, with complexity proportional to the length of the horizon. An alternative, which is more able to exploit the similarity of the problems that are solved at each decision point of linear MPC, is to … Read more

A Condensing Algorithm for Nonlinear MPC with a Quadratic Runtime in Horizon Length

A large number of practical algorithms for Optimal Control Problems (OCP) relies on a so-called condensing procedure to exploit the given structure in the quadratic programming (QP) subproblems. While the established structure-exploiting condensing algorithm is of cubic complexity in the horizon length, in this technical note we propose a novel algorithm that is only of … Read more

SQP Methods for Parametric Nonlinear Optimization

Sequential quadratic programming (SQP) methods are known to be effi- cient for solving a series of related nonlinear optimization problems because of desirable hot and warm start properties–a solution for one problem is a good estimate of the solution of the next. However, standard SQP solvers contain elements to enforce global convergence that can interfere … Read more

A Parallel Quadratic Programming Method for Dynamic Optimization Problems

Quadratic programming problems (QPs) that arise from dynamic optimization problems typically exhibit a very particular structure. We address the ubiquitous case where these QPs are strictly convex and propose a dual Newton strategy that exploits the block-bandedness similarly to an interior-point method. Still, the proposed method features warmstarting capabilities of active-set methods. We give details … Read more

Distributed Optimization With Local Domain: Applications in MPC and Network Flows

In this paper we consider a network with P nodes, where each node has exclusive access to a local cost function. Our contribution is a communication-efficient distributed algorithm that finds a vector x* minimizing the sum of all the functions. We make the additional assumption that the functions have intersecting local domains, i.e., each function … Read more

Embedded Online Optimization for Model Predictive Control at Megahertz Rates

Faster, cheaper, and more power efficient optimization solvers than those currently offered by general-purpose solutions are required for extending the use of model predictive control (MPC) to resource-constrained embedded platforms. We propose several custom computational architectures for different first-order optimization methods that can handle linear-quadratic MPC problems with input, input-rate, and soft state constraints. We … Read more

Constraint Reduction with Exact Penalization for Model-Predictive Rotorcraft Control

Model Predictive Control (also known as Receding Horizon Control (RHC)) has been highly successful in process control applications. Its use for aerospace applications has been hindered by its high computational requirements. In the present paper, we propose using enhanced primal-dual interior-point optimization techniques in the convex-quadratic-program-based RHC control of a rotorcraft. Our enhancements include a … Read more

Dynamic Network Utility Maximization with Delivery Contracts

We consider a multi-period variation of the network utility maximization problem that includes delivery constraints. We allow the flow utilities, link capacities and routing matrices to vary over time, and we introduce the concept of delivery contracts, which couple the flow rates across time. We describe a distributed algorithm, based on dual decomposition, that solves … Read more