The plain Newton-min algorithm for solving the linear complementarity problem (LCP) 0 ≤ x ⊥ (Mx+q) ≥ 0 can be viewed as an instance of the plain semismooth Newton method on the equational version min(x,Mx+q) = 0 of the problem. This algorithm converges for any q when M is an M-matrix, but not when it is a P-matrix. When convergence occurs, it is often very fast (in at most n iterations for an M-matrix, where n is the number of variables, but often much faster in practice). In 1990, Harker and Pang proposed to improve the convergence ability of this algorithm by introducing a stepsize along the Newton-min direction that results in a jump over at least one of the encountered kinks of the min-function, in order to avoid its points of nondifferentiability. This paper shows that, for the Fathi problem (an LCP with a positive definite symmetric matrix M, hence a P-matrix), an algorithmic scheme, including the algorithm of Harker and Pang, may require n iterations to converge, depending on the starting point.

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View A lower bound on the iterative complexity of the Harker and Pang globalization technique of the Newton-min algorithm for solving the linear complementarity problem