On Matroid Parity and Matching Polytopes

The matroid parity (MP) problem is a powerful (and NP-hard) extension of the matching problem. Whereas matching polytopes are well understood, little is known about MP polytopes. We prove that, when the matroid is laminar, the MP polytope is affinely congruent to a perfect b-matching polytope. From this we deduce that, even when the matroid … Read more

A Cut-and-Branch Algorithm for the Quadratic Knapsack Problem

The Quadratic Knapsack Problem (QKP) is a well-known NP-hard combinatorial optimisation problem, with many practical applications. We present a ‘cut-and-branch’ algorithm for the QKP, in which a cutting-plane phase is followed by a branch-and-bound phase. The cutting-plane phase is more sophisticated than the existing ones in the literature, incorporating several classes of cutting planes, two … Read more

Cutting Planes for RLT Relaxations of Mixed 0-1 Polynomial Programs

The Reformulation-Linearization Technique (RLT), due to Sherali and Adams, can be used to construct hierarchies of linear programming relaxations of mixed 0-1 polynomial programs. As one moves up the hierarchy, the relaxations grow stronger, but the number of variables increases exponentially. We present a procedure that generates cutting planes at any given level of the … Read more

Complexity results for the gap inequalities for the max-cut problem

In 1996, Laurent and Poljak introduced an extremely general class of cutting planes for the max-cut problem, called gap inequalities. We prove several results about them, including the following: (i) there must exist non-dominated gap inequalities with gap larger than 1, unless NP = co-NP; (ii) there must exist non-dominated gap inequalities with exponentially large … Read more

Separation Algorithms for 0-1 Knapsack Polytopes

Valid inequalities for 0-1 knapsack polytopes often prove useful when tackling hard 0-1 Linear Programming problems. To use such inequalities effectively, one needs separation algorithms for them, i.e., routines for detecting when they are violated. We show that the separation problems for the so-called extended cover and weight inequalities can be solved exactly in O(nb) … Read more