Hybrid Constructive Heuristics for the Critical Node Problem

We consider the Critical Node Problem: given an undirected graph and an integer number K, at most K nodes have to be deleted from the graph in order to minimize a connectivity measure in the residual graph. We combine the basic steps used in common greedy algorithms with some flavour of local search, in order … Read more

Removing critical nodes from a graph: complexity results and polynomial algorithms for the case of bounded treewidth

We consider the problem of deleting a limited number of nodes from a graph in order to minimize a connectivity measure between the surviving nodes. We prove that the problem is $NP$-complete even on quite particular types of graph, and define a dynamic programming recursion that solves the problem in polynomial time when the graph … Read more

Branch and cut algorithms for detecting critical nodes in undirected graphs

In this paper we deal with the critical node problem, where a given number of nodes has to be removed from an undirected graph in order to maximize the disconnections between the node pairs of the graph. We propose an integer linear programming model with a non-polynomial number of constraints but whose linear relaxation can … Read more

Complexity of the Critical Node Problem over trees

In this paper we deal with the Critical Node Problem (CNP), i.e., the problem of searching for a given number K of nodes in a graph G, whose removal minimizes the number of connections between pairs of nodes in the residual graph. While the NP-completeness of this problem for general graphs has been already established … Read more