A study of the relation between the single-row and the double-row facility layout problem

The NP-hard Multi-Row Facility Layout Problem (MRFLP) consists of a set of one-dimensional departments and pairwise transport weights between them. It asks for a non-overlapping arrangement of the departments along a given number of rows such that the weighted sum of the horizontal center-to-center distances between the departments is minimized. We mainly focus on the … Read more

New exact approaches for the combined cell layout problem and extensions of the multi-bay facility layout problem

In this paper we consider the Combined Cell Layout Problem (CCLP), the Multi-Bay Facility Layout Problem (MBFLP) and several generalizations of the MBFLP, which have wide applications, e.g., in factory planning, heavy manufacturing, semiconductor fabrication and arranging rooms in hospitals. Given a set of cells of type single-row or directed-circular and a set of one-dimensional … Read more

On the propagation of quality requirements for mechanical assemblies in industrial manufacturing

A frequent challenge encountered by manufacturers of mechanical assemblies consists of the definition of quality criteria for the assembly lines of the subcomponents which are mounted into the final product. The rollout of Industry 4.0 standards paves the way for the usage of data-driven, intelligent approaches towards this goal. In this work, we investigate such … Read more

Exact and Heuristic Approaches for a New Circular Layout Problem

We discuss a new facility layout problem, the so-called Directed Circular Facility Layout Problem (DCFLP). The DCFLP aims to find an optimal arrangement of machines on a circular material handling system such that the total weighted sum of the center-to-center distances between all pairs of machines measured in clockwise direction is minimized. Several real-world applications, … Read more

A Heuristic for the Traveling Salesperson Problem with Forbidden Neighborhoods on Regular 2D and 3D Grids

We examine an extension of the Traveling Salesperson Problem (TSP), the so called TSP with Forbidden Neighborhoods (TSPFN). The TSPFN is asking for a shortest Hamiltonian cycle of a given graph, where vertices traversed successively have a distance larger than a given radius. This problem is motivated by an application in mechanical engineering, more precisely … Read more

A Mixed Integer Linear Program for Optimizing the Utilization of Locomotives with Maintenance Constraints

In this paper we investigate the Locomotive Scheduling Problem, i.e., the optimization of locomotive utilization with prior known transports that must be performed. Since railway timetables are typically planned a year in advance, the aim is to assign locomotives to trains such that the locomotive utilization is maximized while maintenance constraints are taken into account. … Read more

Predicting the vibroacoustic quality of steering gears

In the daily operations of ThyssenKrupp Presta AG, ball nut assemblies (BNA) undergo a vibroacoustical quality test and are binary classified based on their order spectra. In this work we formulate a multiple change point problem and derive optimal quality intervals and thresholds for the order spectra that minimize the number of incorrectly classified BNA. … Read more

Fleet Sizing and Empty Freight Car Allocation

Empty freight car allocation problems as well as eet sizing problems depict highly important topics in the eld of railway cargo optimization. Fleet sizing is mainly used in order to nd the minimal number of freight cars ( xed costs) needed to operate the transportation network successfully (e.g. satisfy customer demands). After a consignment is transported … Read more

Correlation analysis between the vibroacoustic behavior of steering gear and ball nut assemblies in the automotive industry

The increase in quality standards in the automotive industry requires specifications to be propagated across the supply chain, a challenge exacerbated in domains where the quality is subjective. In the daily operations of ThyssenKrupp Presta AG, requirements imposed on the vibroacoustic quality of steering gear need to be passed down to their subcomponents. We quantify … Read more

The Traveling Salesperson Problem with Forbidden Neighborhoods on Regular 3D Grids

We study the traveling salesperson problem with forbidden neighborhoods (TSPFN) on regular three-dimensional grids. The TSPFN asks for a shortest tour over all grid points such that successive points along a tour have at least some given distance. We present optimal solutions and explicit construction schemes for the Euclidean TSP and the TSPFN where edges … Read more